China in the Indian Ocean

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has not so far come out with a codified Indian Ocean Region (IOR) strategy. The country however has a maritime vision involving the IOR in particular. For the first time in a party congress, the Work Report of the 18th Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Congress, held in November 2012, defined China as a “maritime power” that will “firmly uphold its maritime rights and interests.” The report listed following aims- enhancing capacity for exploiting marine resources, developing the marine economy, protecting the marine ecological environment, resolutely safeguarding its maritime rights and interests, and building itself into a maritime power.

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