This kind of hybrid warfare gave Putin just enough plausible deniability about what was clearly happening — Russia seizing territory that belonged to another nation. Following that success elements of Russian hybrid warfare have begun appearing in Syria and the Eastern Ukraine, as well as U.S. and European elections.
The leadership of NATO watched the hybrid war with dismay. What would they do if Russia used these same aggressive techniques against a member? This week they supplied an answer: the organization would treat hybrid war like an actual attack.
On Thursday, the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance stated that such hybrid warfare acts aimed at member state could trigger Article 5, the provision that requires all treaty members to come to the aid of any member who is attacked (it has been invoked only once, after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States). Now hybrid war is to be treated on the same level as traditional attacks. Read More