India and Pakistan have been at loggerheads over Kashmir since Independence. The movement of militia from Wazirabad into Kashmir was the commencement of the first IndoPak war.
Four wars, including Kargil, have been fought and in not one has Pakistan succeeded in any of its aims. Nehru’s insistence on going to the UN, despite military advice in 1948, brought Kashmir into prominence.
With Pakistan failing to accept the UN resolution of 1949 and withdrawing its troops from the region prior to the conduct of the plebiscite, the resolution died a natural death. To claim thereafter that Kashmir can be resolved via plebiscite is meaningless.
The Shimla agreement made the Kashmir issue bilateral and out of the scope of any mediation. Post 1965 and 1971 there were agreements leading to peace, but none resolve Kashmir. Read More